Even though Christmas is a religions holiday by nature – the holiday evolved over the years into a worldwide religious and secular celebration. Modern Christmas is a time dedicated to family, friends, and happiness.

Western DateEastern Date
25. Dec 2020 07. Jan 2020

For the first 3 centuries of Christianity’s existence, Jesus Christ’s birthday was not celebrated at all. Back then the most important holidays were Epiphany and Easter.

Early Roman calendar from 336 A.D. was the first official mention of December 25 as a holiday which honors the birth of Jesus Christ. The Bible does not mention Jesus exact birth date. It was first identified as the date of Jesus’ birth by Sextus Julius Africanus at the end of the third century and later this date became the universally accepted date.

A modern image of Santa Claus was defined by the popular advertisement for the Coca-Cola company from 1931, where Santa was a portly white-bearded gentleman dressed in a red suit with a black belt, black boots, and a soft red cap.

The practice of giving gifts goes back to the 15th century and toward the end of the 18th century, this practice became well established. In most European countries, gifts are exchanged on Christmas Eve, December 24.

Santa Claus is a legendary figure who is the traditional patron of Christmas in some countries, who brings gifts to children. His popular image is based on traditions associated with Saint Nicholas.

In the 16th century, devout German Christians brought decorated trees into their homes and they started the Christmas tree tradition as we now know it. Queen Victoria and her German Prince, Albert, were sketched in the Illustrated London News standing with their children around a Christmas tree in 1846.

Christmas Around Europe

Christmas Decorations In Paris, France
Christmas in London, United Kingdom
Christmas in Berlin, Germany
Christmas in Prague, Czech Republic
Christmas in Vilnius, Lithuania
Christmas in Zagreb, Croatia

Christmas in European Languages

Christtag
Kerstmis
Каляды каталiцкiя
Juledagur
Noël
Christmas Day
Lá Nollag
Natale
Chrëschtdag
Kerstmis
Første juledag
Juldagen