Mezhgorye – The Top Secret Town

Mezhgorye (Межго́рье) is a closed town in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. The town is located in the southern Ural Mountains near Mount Yamantau, about 200 kilometers (120 mi) southeast of Ufa, the capital of the republic.

Mezhgorye Town

Mezhgorye Welcome Sign
Welcome sign at the Mezhgorye town entrance.

Founded around 1979, it was known as Ufa-105 (Уфа́-105) and Beloretsk-16 (Белоре́цк-16). Town status was granted to it in 1995, at which time it was given its present name.

Mezhgorye Top Secret City
This town has a population of 17,353 inhabitants according to the latest 2010 census. It is one of the most interesting towns of this type for sure.
Mezhgorye City in Russia
Mezhgorye is a congested town in Russia which is supposed to house people operational on the highly secret Mount Yamantu.

According to one recent account, this whole city were huge construction projects begun in the late 1970s when U.S. nuclear firepower took special aim at the Communist Party’s leadership complex.

Mezhgorye Memorial
Monument near Mezhgorye dedicated to fallen heroes of the Soviet army during WWII.

As a closed town, Mezhgorye is administratively subordinated to the Russian federal government.

Fearing a decapitating strike, the Soviets sent tens of thousands of workers to these remote sites, where U.S. spy satellites spotted them still toiling away in the late 1990s. During the time of Boris Yeltsin’s pro-Western government after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Ural Mountains Complex near Mezhgorye
A massive underground facility is said to exist in the Ural Mountains on Yamantau Mountain, near the city of Mezhgorye. Though the actual size of the facility is unknown, it is rumored to span more than 400 square miles.

Many believe that construction of the site began in the 1970s and was used as a repository for Russian treasures, food storage area, and a nuclear bunker for military officials.

The whole story begins from the cold-war period. However, the special restricted area status is still unchanged. Because of that, Mezhgorye is one of the most mystical towns even today.