National Holidays in Europe

A national holiday is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country.

These days are often symbolized by the date of independence or simply a significant date for a specific nation. It is often celebrated on a nation-level and many countries have more than one national holiday each year.

Here are the national holidays in European countries:

CountryDateNote
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania28 NovRefers to the Albanian Declaration of Independence on 28 Nov 1912 and the rise of the Albanian flag in Vlora
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Andorra08 SepOur Lady of Meritxell Day - patron saint of Andorra
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria26 OctThe Neutrality Constitution of 1955
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus03 JulLiberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium21 JulLeopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as the first King of the Belgians in 1831
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium15 NovKing's Feast
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina01 MarProclamation of independence from Yugoslavia in 1992
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina25 NovFormation of the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1943
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria03 MarAutonomy within Ottoman Empire 1878
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia25 JunDeclaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus01 OctIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1960
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic28 OctIndependence from Austria-Hungary (as Czechoslovakia) in 1918
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic28 SepCzech Statehood day (Saint Wenceslas day)
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark05 JunAdoption of the Constitution of 1849 (not official public holiday)
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia24 FebDeclaration of independence from Russia in 1918
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland06 DecDeclaration of independence from Russia in 1917
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France14 JulFรชte de la Fรฉdรฉration 14 Jul 1790
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช Georgia26 MayDeclaration of independence from Russia in 1918
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany03 OctUnification of West Germany and East Germany in 1990
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece25 MarStart of the Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire in 1821
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece28 OctRejection of the Italian ultimatum of 1940
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary15 Mar1848 Revolution memorial day
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary20 AugSt. Stephen's day
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary23 Oct1956 Revolution memorial day
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland17 JunFounding of the Republic and dissolution of the personal union with Denmark in 1944
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland17 MarDay of St. Patrick - the patron saint of Ireland
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy25 AprPartisans liberate Genoa, Milan, and Turin from German troops in 1945
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy02 JunItaly is made a republic in 1946
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia18 NovMarks the anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence of Latvia by the People's Council of Latvia in 1918.
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein15 AugThe Hereditary Prince becomes Regent in 2004
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania16 FebDeclaration of independence from Russia and Germany in 1918
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania06 JulEstablishment of the medieval Lithuanian kingdom by Mindaugas in 1253.
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg23 JunThe Monarch's birthday
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Macedonia02 AugRepublic Day
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Macedonia8 SepDeclaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta31 MarWithdrawal of British troops from Malta in 1979
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta7 JunBread riot of 1919 in which 4 Maltese men died
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta8 SepCelebrating the victory of the Knights of St. John over the Ottoman Empire in the Great Siege of Malta in 1565
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta21 SepIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1964
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta13 DecAdoption of the republican constitution of 1974
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova27 AugDeclaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro21 MayIndependence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro13 JulRecognised as independent at the Congress of Berlin in 1878
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands15 DecSigning of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1954
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands27 AprKing Willem-Alexander's birthday
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands05 MayEnd of German occupation in 1945
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway17 MayThe signing of the first Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll 1814
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland03 MayAdoption of the Constitution of 1791
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland11 NovRestoration of independence from Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia in 1918
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal10 JunOfficially the Day of Portugal
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania24 JanUnification of the Romanian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia - the foundation of modern Romania in 1859
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania01 DecGreat Union Day - unification with Transylvania in 1918
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia12 JunDeclaration of State Sovereignty in 1990
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia15 FebThe beginning of the Serbian Revolution against Ottoman rule in 1804 - adoption of the first constitution in 1835
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia01 JanIndependence from Czechoslovakia in 1993
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia29 AugStart of a Slovak uprising against Nazi Germany in 1944
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia01 SepAdoption of the Constitution in 1992
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia25 JunDeclaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia25 OctWithdrawal of the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army from the Slovenian territory in 1991
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden06 JunElection of Gustav Vasa as King of Sweden in 1523 - adoption of the constitutions of 1809 and 1974
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland01 AugAlliance between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Turkey29 OctAdoption of a republican constitution in 1923
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine24 AugIndependence from the Soviet Union in 1991.